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A TOYOTA Supra Engine

Everything about the TOYOTA Supra Engines

The Toyota Supra has consistently featured an inline 6-cylinder engine throughout its four generations. This engine has played a significant role in establishing the Supra’s reputation for its speed and agility. In the 2020 Toyota GR Supra, you’ll find a 3.0L inline 6-cylinder Direct-injection engine, delivering 335 horsepower and 365 lbs per foot of torque. Moving on to the 2023 model, the Toyota GR Supra boasts a 3.0-liter turbocharged inline-6 engine, cranking out 382 horsepower and 368 lb-ft of torque. In the latest 2024 version, the Toyota GR Supra is equipped with a 3.0-liter twin-scroll turbo six-cylinder engine, offering the same impressive 382 horsepower and 368 lb-ft of torque. The Supra comes with two engine options sourced from BMW: a turbocharged B48 2.0-liter inline-four and a turbocharged B58 3.0-liter inline-six. Initially, the 2.0-liter engine was available in Japan, select Asian countries, and Europe. It wasn’t until 2020 for the 2021 model year that the United States received this engine option.

History of the Toyota Supra

The history of the Toyota Supra dates back to April 1978 when Toyota introduced the Supra nameplate. It was chosen as the suffix for a new variant of the second-generation Celica coupé, distinguished by its longer, wider, and more powerful design. This model was identified by the A40 chassis code.

The motivation behind creating the Supra was to break into the competitive grand tourer market in both the Japanese and North American regions, which at the time was dominated by Datsun’s Z-cars. The A40 Celica Supra, known as the Celica XX in Japan, was aimed at providing a luxurious and refined driving experience by replacing the Celica’s four-cylinder engine lineup with a smooth and powerful six-cylinder engine.

It marked the beginning of the Toyota Supra’s journey, setting the stage for its evolution into one of Toyota’s most iconic sports car nameplates. The introduction of the A40 Celica Supra laid the foundation for the Supra’s reputation for performance, style, and refinement, which would evolve and captivate enthusiasts for decades to come.

Generations of The Toyota Supra

MK1 (A40/A50 – 1978-1981)

Produced from 1978 to 1981, the MK1 Toyota Supra marked the debut of Toyota’s iconic sports car. Built on the A40/A50 chassis, it was initially conceived as an upgraded version of the Celica. However, it quickly established its own identity with a longer wheelbase, unique styling cues, and enhanced performance. The MK1 Supra features inline-six engines including the 4M-E and 5M-E, which offer a balance of power and refinement. With its sleek design and sporty demeanor, the MK1 Supra aimed to compete in the growing grand tourer market, targeting rivals such as the Datsun Z-Car. Although milder in power than later generations, the MK1 Supra laid the foundation for the legendary lineage that would follow.

MK2 (A60 – 1982-1986)

The MK2 Toyota Supra, from 1982 to 1986, represented a significant evolution from its predecessor. Built on the A60 platform, it featured a more aerodynamic and aggressive design, reflecting the automotive trends of the early 1980s. The MK2 Supra features advances such as fuel injection and turbocharging, delivering improved performance and responsiveness. Engine options include the naturally aspirated 5M-GE and the turbocharged 5M-GTE, catering to those looking for different levels of power. With its refined interior, advanced technology, and enhanced driving dynamics, the MK2 Supra has cemented its position as a strong contender in the sports car segment, appealing to drivers who value both performance and comfort.

MK3 (A70 – 1986-1993)

The MK3 Toyota Supra, produced from 1986 to 1993, marked a transformative period for the iconic sports car. Built on the A70 platform, it highlights a bold and futuristic design that sets it apart from its predecessors. The MK3 Supra introduces the legendary 7M-GTE engine, a turbocharged inline-six power plant that delivers exhilarating performance and impressive torque. Equipped with advanced features such as electronically controlled suspension and a limited-slip differential, the MK3 Supra offers unmatched driving dynamics and handling capabilities. With its aggressive styling, cutting-edge technology, and powerful powertrain, the MK3 Supra has won praise from enthusiasts and critics alike, cementing its position as a classic sports car icon.

MK4 (A80 – 1993-2002)

The MK4 Toyota Supra, ranging from 1993 to 2002, is widely considered the pinnacle of the Supra lineage. Built on the A80 platform, it boasts a timeless and aerodynamic design that remains iconic today. The MK4 Supra introduced the legendary 2JZ-GTE engine, a twin-turbocharged inline-six powerhouse known for its unmatched reliability and immense tuning possibilities. With an output of over 300 horsepower in stock form, the MK4 Supra delivers blistering acceleration and exhilarating performance, earning it a reputation as a supercar killer. Equipped with state-of-the-art features such as a six-speed manual transmission, electronically controlled suspension, and active aerodynamics, the MK4 Supra represented the epitome of automotive engineering and performance in its era.

MK5 (A90 – 2019-Present)

The MK5 Toyota Supra, introduced in 2019 and continuing to the present day, represents a modern reinterpretation of the iconic sports car. Developed in collaboration with BMW, it is built on the A90 platform and shares components with the BMW Z4. The MK5 Supra has a sleek and athletic design that pays homage to its predecessors while embracing contemporary styling cues. Powering the MK5 Supra are BMW-sourced engines, including a turbocharged inline-four and a more powerful inline-six, offering a balance of performance and efficiency. With its lightweight construction, agile handling, and advanced technology, the MK5 Supra offers an exhilarating driving experience fit for the modern enthusiast. While some purists may lament the departure from Toyota’s inline-six heritage, the MK5 Supra maintains the legacy of its predecessors as a dynamic and engaging sports car.

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How Much CC is a Toyota Supra Engine?

The Toyota Supra comes with a 1,998 cc petrol engine. In the 2024 Toyota GR Supra, the engine displacement increases to 2,998 cc, delivering 335 horsepower and 500 Nm of torque. Production of the Supra began in 1978 and has spanned four generations, featuring various engine types including the 1988 cc M-TE/TEU turbo I6, 2759 cc 5M-E I6, 2759 cc 5M-GE/GEU DOHC I6, and the current fifth-generation introduced in 2019. The engine displacement of a Toyota Supra varies depending on the specific model and generation. For example, the Toyota Supra MK5, which was relaunched in 2019, offers two engine options: a 2.0-liter twin-scroll single-turbo inline 4-cylinder and a 3.0-liter twin-scroll turbocharged inline 6-cylinder. Similarly, the MK4 Toyota Supra, produced from 1993 to 2002, featured a 3.0-liter inline-six engine. However, the displacements of previous generations, such as the MK1, MK2, and MK3 Supras, may differ, as they used different engine configurations and sizes. Therefore, to accurately determine the engine displacement of a particular Toyota Supra model, it is essential to refer to the specifications of that particular generation and variant.

Which engine is best for Supra?

Determining the best engine for the Toyota Supra largely depends on personal preference, performance requirements, and intended use. Among the various engine options available for different generations of Supra, one of the most famous power plants is the legendary 2JZ-GTE inline-six engine found in the MK4 Supra. Known for its ruggedness, durability, and immense tuning possibilities, the 2JZ-GTE has earned a legendary status among automotive enthusiasts. Its twin-turbocharged configuration delivers exceptional power output and torque, making it an ideal choice for those looking for high-performance capability. However, the new generation of Supra, such as the MK5, offers modern turbocharged inline-four and inline-six engines sourced from BMW, offering impressive power delivery, efficiency, and refinement. The “best” engine for the Toyota Supra depends on factors such as personal preference, desired performance qualities, and intended use, with each engine offering its unique blend of features to cater to different types of drivers.

Why are Supra engines so good?

Supra engines are highly regarded for some reasons, chief among them being their robust design, exceptional performance, and renowned reliability. One of the key factors contributing to the appreciation of Supra engines is their engineering pedigree, particularly exemplified by the legendary 2JZ-GTE engine found in the MK4 Supra. Renowned for its durable construction, the 2JZ-GTE is capable of handling high levels of power and torque without compromising reliability, making it a favorite among tuners and those interested in maximizing performance. Additionally, Supra engines benefit from advanced technologies such as turbocharging, variable valve timing, and electronic engine management systems, which optimize power delivery, fuel efficiency, and overall drivability. Furthermore, Toyota’s commitment to precision engineering and strict quality control ensures that Supra engines maintain a reputation for longevity and durability, even under extreme driving conditions. Overall, Supra engines are respected for their combination of robustness, performance efficiency, and long-lasting reliability, making them extremely popular among the automotive enthusiast community.

At Last

The Toyota Supra‘s legacy is intricately intertwined with its remarkable engines, which have evolved over multiple generations to deliver exhilarating performance, reliability, and engineering excellence. From the MK4 Supra’s iconic 2JZ-GTE engine, renowned for its superior tuning potential and robustness, to the modern turbocharged power plant found in the latest MK5 iteration, Supra engines have continually pushed the boundaries of automotive innovation. Whether it is the silky-smooth inline-six engine of the early generation or the BMW-sourced powertrain of the latest model, supra engines have consistently garnered praise for their blend of power, efficiency, and refinement. As the Supra continues to captivate enthusiasts worldwide, its engines remain a testament to Toyota’s commitment to delivering driving thrills and engineering excellence, ensuring that the Supra legend lives on for generations.

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